Migraine: Symptoms, Treatment, Medication and More

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Migraine Symptoms Treatment Medication and more

Migraines are more than just a headache that is recurring and painful. The severity of the pain varies from a couple of hours to a couple of days too. Typically, the migraine pain pertains to one side of the head in a throbbing or pulsing manner along with many other symptoms and warnings. During this migraine period, the person is very sensitive to light and sound too. In this article, we will go through the causes, symptoms, treatment, medication, and other days to manage and cope with migraine.

Let us look at some facts on migraine:

  • People aged 15 to 55 can experience these migraines
  • 12% population worldwide have this migraine issues
  • Triggers and symptoms that occur before some people can identify the migraine
  • The factors like stress, allergies causing migraine can be taken care to avoid severe migraines
  • Managing the symptoms can reduce the occurrence of migraines with over the counter medication
  • Preventive medication for migraine is an excellent choice for people suffering from severe migraine attacks. For example, Emgality is a medication that is FDA-approved and usually prescribed for the prevention of migraines. However, if you are considering this medication, it is important to follow Emgality medication dosing advice provided by trusted online resources.

Triggers and the risks associated with migraine:

A genetic occurrence may be the more reason for migraine, but in the current scenario of health and lifestyle leading by the people, the reasons vary, and they constitute the following:

  • Women and hormonal imbalance: Women are at more risk to experience migraine during menstruation due to the changes in hormonal imbalance. The hormonal changes, and the weakness act as triggers for the migraines.
  • Emotional triggers: Emotional feelings are associated with hormonal levels and emotions such as stress, anger, excitement. And even shock can play a significant role in the way the brain acts and trigger the migraines
  • Genetic cause: if your family history has seen migraine cases, one is likely to be triggered easily by those factors. One of the leading cause of migraine is genetic transfer.
  • Medical conditions: Having previous medical issues also trigger migraines. Depression, sleep disorders, bipolar issues, and various medical issues cause Migraine attacks.
  • Diet and lifestyle: Irregular mealtimes, alcohol consumption, caffeine overdose, and many other food intakes also cause migraines. Smoking and environmental conditions also play a significant role in triggering migraines in people.

Migraine phases:

A migration constitutes four different phases, and one experience just a single-phase or all of the phases during the migraine attack.

  • Prodrome phase: Food cravings, mood swings, fluid retention, continuous yawning, feeling weak are the symptoms that one can observe in this phase. It can start occurring before 24 hours of the starting of a migraine attack
  • Aura phase: During this phase of the migraine attack, one might see sudden flashes or curved lines of light. This aura can happen before or during migraine attack also.
  • Headache phase: Migraine is often confused with headache and various symptoms such as nausea vomiting and restlessness
  • Postdrome phase: This phase takes place after the headache, and one feels very weak and tired.

Diagnosis of Migraines:

The determination of migraines is a series of steps that your medical provider will undertake.

  • Firstly, your medical provider will ask for your medical history. It will help to see for any earlier encounters of migraine or anything which can be harmful in the future
  • Symptoms that you generally observe before or during the headache and also the trigger points that may lead to the migraine duly noted and given to the medical provider
  • Based on the symptoms triggers and your medical history provided the medical provider would ask you to undergo a series of physical and neurological tests like CT scan and MRI scan for better examination and understanding level of the attacks

Treatment of Migraine:

One can experience relief from the migraine as soon as one observes the pattern of symptoms, triggers, and take the medication for migraine before the onset.

  • Pain relievers like aspirin, Advil can be consumed to reduce the pains and lower occurrence of migraine. But overuse of there causes side effects such as ulcers.
  • Prescription drugs like triptans, nasal spray are sufficient to stop pains. Rise of heart stroke and heart attack are the side effects of overuse.

Maintaining a healthy and balanced lifestyle, with a proper diet, exercise, and medication can reduce the occurrences of migraine attacks.

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